Photo: Nara City Sightseeing Information Center, Kofuku-ji Temple
Photo taken by Tatehiko Yano
Japan :Government and Economy


Bicameral congress of House of Representatives and House of Councilors

Trade balance

Exports: 82.2837 trillion JPY (2021)
Imports: 80.6136 trillion JPY (2021)

Main exports/imports goods

・Main exports: Cars, electronic components such as semiconductors, car parts, steel, motors
・Main imports: Crude oil, LNG (liquid natural gas), apparel, pharmaceuticals, communication equipment

Number of international visitors

31.88 million (2019)

Administrative divisions

47 prefectures, municipalities (792 cities, 743 towns, 183 villages, total of 1,718) (As of April 18, 2023)

Political system

Three independent branches

Source: Website of the Office of the Prime Minister, “Nihon no Tokei 2023” Statistics Bureau of Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Trade Statistics of Japan, Japan National Tourism Organization (JNTO), Website of Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, website of the House of Representatives, website of the Japan Meteorological Agency.

(as of April, 2023)