Photo: Nara City Sightseeing Information Center, Kofuku-ji Temple
Photo taken by Tatehiko Yano
Japan :Government and Economy


Bicameral congress of House of Representatives and House of Councilors

Trade balance

Exports: 75.265 trillion JPY (2015)
Imports: 75.894 trillion JPY (2015)

Main exports/imports goods

・Main exports: Cars, electronic components such as semiconductors, car parts, steel, motors
・Main imports: Crude oil, LNG (liquid natural gas), apparel, pharmaceuticals, communication equipment

Number of international visitors

24.03 million (2016)

Administrative divisions

47 prefectures, municipalities (791 cities, 744 towns, 183 villages, total of 1,718) (As of October 10, 2016)

Political system

Three independent branches

Source: Website of the Office of the Prime Minister, “Nihon no Tokei 2017” Statistics Bureau of Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Trade Statistics of Japan, Japan National Tourism Organization (JNTO), Website of Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, website of the House of Representatives

(as of April , 2017)