Congress Report
Photo: Nara City Sightseeing Information Center, Kofuku-ji Temple
Photo taken by Tatehiko Yano
Shiga Prefecture

Head of Prefectural Government

Mr. Taizo Mikazuki, Governor
Assumed the governorship in July 2022 (third term)





38th largest out of 47 prefectures


1,408,499 (As of January 1, 2023)  
Men: 694,688   Women: 713,811


Nominal: JPY 6.9226 trillion
Real: JPY 7.0039 trillion (both in FY2019)



Geographic features

A basin surrounded by mountains over 1,000 meters high, located roughly at the center of Japan. At its center, occupying a sixth of the prefecture, is Lake Biwa, the greatest lake in the country. About 450 rivers flow into Biwa from the mountains, forming deltas. This is the Omi Basin. Lake Biwa is an important water source for people and industries in Kansai.

Main industries

Chemicals; general, production and industrial machinery; electrical machinery and equipment; transportation equipment; food


Tree: Japanese maple

Flower: rhododendron

Bird: little grebe

Number of visitors

37,007,000 (2021)

Administrative divisions

13 cities, 6 towns (2022)

Official website

Sources: Official website of Shiga Prefecture; Shiga’s 2023 statistics guide; monthly population estimates (as of 23/1/1) and 2019 estimated results of economic calculations by the Shiga Statistics Division; 2021 tourist survey by the Shiga Tourism Board


(As of May, 2023)